World sight day is an annual day of awareness held on the 2nd Thursday of October to focus global attention on blindness and vision impairment.

Healthy eyes and vision are a critical part of children’s development. Their eyes should be examined regularly as many vision problems and eye diseases can be detected and treated early. Be sure to make vision care and eye checks a part of your child’s routine medical care.

There are signs that parents or guardians should take note of in their children. They include; extreme light sensitivity, redness of the eyes, constant eye rubbing, difficulty reading, sitting too close to the television set, constant shedding of tears, squinting or inability to see and recognize faces.

Common Eye Disorders in Children

• Amblyopia – Also known as lazy eye is a condition which presents poor vision in an eye that may appear to be normal; if untreated can cause irreversible visual loss.

• Strabismus – Also known as squint or tropia is a misalignment of the eyes which may turn in , out, up or down, it can lead to amblyopia.

• Refractive errors – A condition whereby the shape of the eye does not refract (bend) light properly as required making images to appear blurred. It is divided into 3 kinds;

• Myopia – Also known as short-sightedness simply means poor distance vision.

• Hyperopia – Also known as long-sightedness simply mean poor vision at a near distance.

• Astigmatism – This means irregular curvature of the front surface (cornea) of the eye causing poor vision and discomfort.

Other eye conditions affecting children include; conjunctivitis, retinopathy of prematurity, retinoblastoma, infantile cataract, congenital glaucoma and genetic or metabolic diseases.

A child’s vision is as important as his or her life, a little impairment can influence their living and the choices they make in life. Together, let us make vision count.


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