World Sight Day: Making Vision Count

World sight day is an annual day of awareness held on the 2nd Thursday of October to focus global attention on blindness and vision impairment.

Healthy eyes and vision are a critical part of children’s development. Their eyes should be examined regularly as many vision problems and eye diseases can be detected and treated early. Be sure to make vision care and eye checks a part of your child’s routine medical care.

There are signs that parents or guardians should take note of in their children. They include; extreme light sensitivity, redness of the eyes, constant eye rubbing, difficulty reading, sitting too close to the television set, constant shedding of tears, squinting or inability to see and recognize faces.

Common Eye Disorders in Children

• Amblyopia – Also known as lazy eye is a condition which presents poor vision in an eye that may appear to be normal; if untreated can cause irreversible visual loss.

• Strabismus – Also known as squint or tropia is a misalignment of the eyes which may turn in , out, up or down, it can lead to amblyopia.

• Refractive errors – A condition whereby the shape of the eye does not refract (bend) light properly as required making images to appear blurred. It is divided into 3 kinds;

• Myopia – Also known as short-sightedness simply means poor distance vision.

• Hyperopia – Also known as long-sightedness simply mean poor vision at a near distance.

• Astigmatism – This means irregular curvature of the front surface (cornea) of the eye causing poor vision and discomfort.

Other eye conditions affecting children include; conjunctivitis, retinopathy of prematurity, retinoblastoma, infantile cataract, congenital glaucoma and genetic or metabolic diseases.

A child’s vision is as important as his or her life, a little impairment can influence their living and the choices they make in life. Together, let us make vision count.



What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to your eye’s optic nerve and gets worse over time. It’s often linked to a build-up of pressure inside your eye. Glaucoma tends to be inherited and may not show up until later in life. The increased pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve, which transmits images to your brain. If the damage continues, glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss. Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years.

What Causes Glaucoma?

It’s the result of high fluid pressure inside your eye. This happens when the liquid in the front part of the eye doesn’t circulate the way it should.

It’s  passed from parents to children.

Less common causes include a blunt or chemical injury to your eye, severe eye infection, blocked blood vessels inside the eye, and inflammatory conditions. It’s rare, but sometimes eye surgery to correct another condition can bring it on. It usually affects both eyes, but it may be worse in one than the other.

Who Gets Glaucoma?

You’re more likely to get it if you:

  • Are over 40
  • Have a family history of glaucoma
  • Have poor vision
  • Have diabetes
  • Take certain steroids medication, like prednisone
  • Have had trauma to the eye or eyes

In most cases, Glaucoma does not have any symptoms, until one starts experiencing vision lost, but some cases, you may feel the following symptoms ,which you would have to seek immediate medical care:

  • Seeing halos around lights
  • Vision loss
  • Redness in the eye
  • Eye that looks hazy (particularly in infants)
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Eye pain
  • Narrowed vision (tunnel vision)

How Is It Diagnosed?

Through Glaucoma vision Screening

How Is Glaucoma Treated?

Your doctor may use prescription eye drops, laser surgery, or microsurgery.

Can You Prevent Glaucoma?

No. But if you diagnose and treat it early, you can control the disease.

What’s the Outlook?

Vision lost to Glaucoma can’t be restored,but the good part of the vision that is left can be maintained, and further damage prevented.

Hence,the need to go for a Glaucoma Screening!

Free Glaucoma screening available at Nisa Hospital 

Date: March 13th -18th

Time: 8:am – 4pm daily

You could contact us on any of these numbers: 07038891805, 08175754485