Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges; the meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. It stems from viral and bacterial infections. Other causes may include:
- chemical irritation
- drug allergies
Viral and bacterial meningitis are contagious. The symptoms may include fever, headache, stiff neck, and fatigue, rash, sore throat and intestinal symptoms may also occur.
They can be transmitted by coughing, sneezing, or close contact.
Some cases of meningitis improve without treatment (viral) in a few weeks. Others can be life-threatening (Bacterial) and require emergent antibiotic treatment.
The best way to protect yourself and your child of bacterial meningitis is to complete the recommended vaccine schedule and also maintaining a healthy lifestyle!