What You Need to Know About Childhood Immunizations

What You Need to Know About Childhood Immunizations

1. Why your child should be vaccinated

Immunizations protect children from dangerous childhood diseases. Any of these diseases can cause serious complications

and can even kill.

We are also warned to immunize our children, ourselves as adults, and the elderly.

2. Diseases that childhood vaccines prevent

  • Diptheria
  • Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib disease – a major cause of bacterial meningitis)
  • HepititisA
  • HepititisB
  • Human papillomavirus(HPV – a major cause of cervical and other cancers)
  • Influenza
  • Measles
  • Meningococcal
  • Mumps
  • Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
  • Pneumococcal (causes bacterial meningitis and blood infections)
  • Polio
  • Rotavirus
  • Rubella (German Measles)
  • Tetanus (Lockjaw)
  • Varicella (Chickenpox)

3. Number of doses your child needs

The following vaccinations are recommended by age two and can be given over five visits to a doctor or clinic:

  • 4 doses of diphtheria, tetanus & pertussis vaccine (DTaP)
  • 3-4 doses of Hib vaccine (depending on the brand used)
  • 4 doses of pneumococcal vaccine
  • 3 doses of polio vaccine
  • 2 doses of hepatitis A vaccine
  • 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine
  • 1 dose of measles, mumps & rubella vaccine (MMR)
  • 2-3 doses of rotavirus vaccine (depending on the brand used)
  • 1 dose of varicella vaccine
  • 1 or 2 annual doses of influenza vaccine (number of doses depends on influenza vaccine history)

4. Like any medicine,vaccines can cause minor side effects

Side effects can occur with any medicine, including vaccines. Depending on the vaccine, these can include: slight fever, rash, or soreness at the site of injection. Slight discomfort is normal and should not be a cause for alarm.

5. It’s extremely rare, but vaccines can cause serious reactions — weigh the risks!

Serious reactions to vaccines are extremely rare. The risk of serious complications from a disease that could have been prevented by vaccination is far greater than the risk of a serious reaction to a vaccine.

6. What to do if your child has a serious reaction.

If you think your child is experiencing a persistent or severe reaction, call your doctor or get the child to a doctor right away. Write down what happened and the date and time it happened.

7. Why you should not wait to vaccinate

Children under 5 are especially susceptible to disease because their immune systems have not built up the necessary defenses to fight infection. By immunizing on time (by age 2), you can protect your child from disease and also protect others at school or daycare.

8. Be sure to track your shots via a health record

A vaccination health record helps you and your health care provider keep your child’s vaccinations on schedule. If you move or change providers, having an accurate record might prevent your child from having to repeat vaccinations he or she has already had. A shot record should be started when your child receives his/her first vaccination and updated with each vaccination visit.

Keep immunizing until disease is eliminated.

Unless we can “stop the leak” (eliminate the disease), it is important to keep immunizing.

Nisa Workshop Series

NISA HOSPITAL COMMENCES HER 2017 WORKSHOP SERIES

Nisa Hospital, on the 20th of April 2017 organized a Continuing Medical Professional Education tagged ‘Childcare referral system Workshop’. The workshop is intended to provide a platform for the discussion of best practices in the implementation of child care referral systems within our immediate healthcare community. Participation in the workshop also attracts a 5 CME credit points accredited by the Nigeria Medical and Dental Council.

This high quality educational activity for Physicians and other health care professionals emphasised on the use, cutting-edge technologies and medical advances in child care.

The event was chaired by the Acting Secretary of the Health and Human Resource Secretariat FCTA who was ably represented by the Head of Planning, FCT Primary Health Board; Dr Sebastine Esomonu and co-chaired by Dr Udeoni – FCTA Health and Human Resource Secretariat. Also in attendance was a guest speaker from National Hospital Abuja.

Dr Sebastine Esomonu (Head of Planning, FCT Primary Health Board)

The Founder and Executive Vice-Chairman of Nisa Hospital referred to the workshop as ‘a networking system where practitioners from different hospitals in the FCT are brought together to address the issue of referral crisis and to improve on referral network and ease communication between the health practitioners’.

Dr Jaiyeola I.O, Group Head, Managed Care opened the workshop lecture with the topic ‘Challenges of childcare referral system’. Dr Audu L.I, a Chief Consultant Paediatrician/Neonatology at the National Hospital Abuja presented on ‘Optimising Child Care referral’ reiterated the fact that sick children will have more access to quality healthcare if there was a proper referral system. Dr Hananiah and Dr Eze of the Paediatric Department of Nisa Hospital educated the patients on ‘Infection in Sickle cell disease’ and ‘Survival of the under-5s’ respectively, while  Dr Olagunju of the Neonatology Unit spoke on the ‘Quality of care for the preterm baby’.

Dr Kike Olagunju (Neonatology Unit)                            Dr Antoniah Hananiah (Paediatrics Unit)

The high point of the event was the interactive Q&A session where the participants and speakers traded knowledge and experiences; some practical solutions to the challenges besieging the healthcare system in Nigeria were also proffered.

 

Certificate of participants was issued and the workshop ended with a group photograph.

 

What You Should Know About Meningitis

Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges; the meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. It stems from viral and bacterial infections. Other causes may include:

  • cancer
  • chemical irritation
  • fungi
  • drug allergies

Viral and bacterial meningitis are contagious. The symptoms may include fever, headache, stiff neck, and fatigue, rash, sore throat and intestinal symptoms may also occur.

They can be transmitted by coughing, sneezing, or close contact.

Some cases of meningitis improve without treatment (viral) in a few weeks. Others can be life-threatening (Bacterial) and require emergent antibiotic treatment.

The best way to protect yourself and your child of bacterial meningitis is to complete the recommended vaccine schedule and also maintaining a healthy lifestyle!

International Women’s day!

 International Women’s day!

Being  International Women’s day!, we are looking at infertility in women, so we could reduce if possible ,eradicate this issue completely by proffering solutions!

Infertility is a condition that affects approximately 1 out of every 6 couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple that has been unsuccessful in efforts to conceive over the course of one full year. When the cause of infertility exists within the female partner, it is referred to as female infertility. Female infertility factors contribute to approximately 50% of all infertility cases, and female infertility alone accounts for approximately one-third of all infertility cases.

Female Infertility: Causes, Treatment And Prevention

What causes female infertility?

The most common causes of female infertility include problems with ovulation,  damage to fallopian tubes or uterus, or problems with the cervix. Age can contribute to infertility because as a woman ages, her fertility naturally tends to decrease.

Ovulation problems may be caused by one or more of the following:

  • A hormone imbalance
  • A tumor or cyst
  • Eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia
  • Alcohol or drug use
  • Thyroid gland problems
  • Excess weight
  • Stress
  • Intense exercises that causes a significant loss of body fat
  • Extremely brief menstrual cycle

Damage to the fallopian tubes or uterus can be caused by one or more of the following:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • A previous infection
  • Polyps in the uterus
  • Endometriosis or fibroids
  • Scar tissue or adhesions
  • Chronic medical illness
  • A certain ectopic (tubal) pregnancy
  • A birth defect
  • DES syndrome (The medication DES, given to women to prevent miscarriage or premature birth can result in fertility problems for their children.)

Abnormal cervical mucus can also cause infertility. Abnormal cervical mucus can prevent the sperm from reaching the egg or make it more difficult for the sperm to penetrate the egg.

How is female infertility diagnosed?

Potential female infertility is assessed as part of a thorough physical exam. The exam will include a medical history regarding potential factors that could contribute to infertility.

Healthcare providers may use one or more of the following tests/exams to evaluate fertility:

  • A urine or blood test to check for infections or a hormone problem, including thyroid function
  • Pelvic exam and breast exam
  • A sample of cervical mucus and tissue to determine if ovulation is occurring
  • Laparoscope inserted into the abdomen to view the condition of organs and to look for blockage, adhesions or scar tissue.
  • HSG, which is an x-ray used in conjunction with a colored liquid inserted into the fallopian tubes making it easier for the technician to check for blockage.
  • Hysteroscopy uses a tiny telescope with a fiber light to look for uterine abnormalities.
  • Ultrasound to look at the uterus and ovaries. May be done vaginally or abdominally.
  • Sonohystogram combines an ultrasound and saline injected into the uterus to look for abnormalities or problems.

Tracking your ovulation through fertility awareness will also help your healthcare provider assess your fertility status

How is female infertility treated?

Female infertility is most often treated by one or more of the following methods:

  • Taking hormones to address a hormone imbalance, endometriosis, or a short menstrual cycle
  • Taking medications to stimulate ovulation
  • Using supplements to enhance fertility
  • Taking antibiotics to remove an infection
  • Having minor surgery to remove blockage or scar tissues from the fallopian tubes, uterus, or pelvic area.

Can female infertility be prevented?

There is usually nothing that can be done to prevent female infertility caused by genetic problems or illness.

However, there are several things that women can do to decrease the possibility of infertility:

  • Take steps to erase sexually transmitted diseases
  • Avoid illicit drugs
  • Avoid heavy or frequent alcohol use
  • Adopt good personal hygiene and health practices
  • Have annual check ups with your GYN once you are sexually active

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

It is important to contact your healthcare provider if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Unusual discharge
  • Pain or discomfort during intercourse
  • Soreness or itching in the vaginal area

Some couples want to explore more traditional or over the counter efforts before exploring infertility procedures. If you are trying to get pregnant and looking for resources to support your efforts, we invite you to check us out at Nisa Premier Hospital, Jabi, Abuja.

However, if you are looking for testing or options to increase your fertility chances of conception, you can find a fertility specialist her at Nisa Premier Hospital or call +2348172410027.

 

Open Day/Free Counseling

Nisa Premier Hospital IVF clinic features an Open Day/Free Counseling service, which include general talk on infertility and gynaecology. Presented and discussed by eminent Specialists. You will find answers to all your questions on these topics, and more:

Ovulatory problems
 Pelvic and tubal factor
 Cervical factor
Fibroid
 Male infertility
Unexplained infertility
 Endometriosis
This takes place every 1st Saturday of the month at our hospital premises.

Three Common Folic Acid Myths

We receive a lot of questions about folic acid. Here are three of the most common misconceptions people seem to have.

Myth #1: Folic acid reduces the risk for ALL birth defects.

TRUTH: Folic acid reduces the risk of certain birth defects.

Folic acid reduces the risk for a very specific type of birth defect called a neural tube defect (NTD). The neural tube is the part of a developing baby that becomes the brain and spinal cord. A NTD can happen when the neural tube doesn’t close completely. This results in birth defects such as anencephaly and spina bifida. If all women take 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day before getting pregnant and during early pregnancy, it may help reduce the number of pregnancies affected by NTDs by up to 70 percent.

Myth #2: Folic acid will help me to get pregnant.

TRUTH: Folic acid is important to take before pregnancy, but it will not help you to become pregnant. Folic acid does not help a woman to conceive. However, it is recommended that ALL women take folic acid, even if they are not trying to get pregnant. This is because folic acid can help prevent neural tube defects only if it is taken BEFORE pregnancy and during the first few weeks of pregnancy, often before a woman even knows she is pregnant.

The neural tube is one of the first structures that is formed in a developing embryo, therefore you need to make sure you are taking folic acid BEFORE you are pregnant. And because nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, it’s important that all women take folic acid every day, even if they are not planning to get pregnant. So take a multivitamin that has 400 micrograms of folic acid in it every day. Most multivitamins have this amount, but check the label to be sure.

Myth #3: I eat a healthy diet, so I can get enough folic acid from food.

TRUTH: It may be possible, but most women will not get enough from their diet.

Folic acid is naturally available in many fruits and vegetables, including:

Beans, like lentils, pinto beans and black beans

Leafy green vegetables, like spinach and Romaine lettuce

Asparagus, Broccoli, Peanuts (But don’t eat them if you have a peanut allergy)

Citrus fruits, like oranges and grapefruit.

Many flours, breads, cereals, and pasta are fortified with folic acid, as well. This means they have folic acid added to them. You can look for the words “fortified” or “enriched” on the package to know if the product has folic acid in it. However, it’s hard to get all the folic acid you need from food. According to the experts, your body only absorbs about 50 % of that. So even if you eat foods that have folic acid in them, make sure you take your multivitamin each day too.

Some women, like those who’ve had a pregnancy affected by NTDs or women with sickle cell disease, may need more folic acid. Talk to your provider to make sure you get the right amount.

Re-edited By Nisa Media Team

 

Five Minute or less for Health!

Do a skin and body check

Check your skin and body regularly for lumps, rashes, sores, discolorations, limitations, and other changes. Do checks during and after bathing. Take note of other changes such as those related to urine or bowel habits, thirst, hunger, fatigue, discharge, vision, and weight. If you find or experience anything suspicious, see your doctor or consultant.

Make an appointment

One of the best and easiest ways for adults to keep themselves healthy is to make sure they get recommended exams, screenings and immunizations. Screenings are designed to help detect some diseases in their early, most treatable stages. Make the appointment now.

Things to before your next check-up:

  1. Review your family health history; Are there any new conditions or diseases that have occurred in your close relatives since your last visit, if so, let your doctor know.
  2. Find out if you are due for any general screenings or vaccinations; Have you had the recommended screening test based on your age, general health, family history, and lifestyle? Follow-up exams or tests, after checking-up with your doctor.
  3. Write-down a list of issues and questions to take with you; Review any existing health problems and note any changes; have your eating habits changed? Are you having any pain, dizziness, fatigue?

Know your numbers

Keep track of your numbers for blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), and others. These numbers can provide a glimpse of your health status and risk for certain diseases and conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and more. Be sure to ask your doctor  what tests you need and how often. If your numbers are too high or too low, he/she can make recommendations to help you get them to a healthier range.

Make sure you are up-to-date on your vaccinations

Keep track of your and your family’s vaccinations, and make sure they stay up-to-date. Children, young adults, and older adults all need vaccinations. Vaccinations help protect people from diseases and save lives.

Eat healthy

Take the extra time to make better food choices. Eat more fruits and vegetables as a meal, less saturated fat, and healthy grab-and-go snacks. There are many quick and easy ways to add healthier choices to your day.

Wash children’s hands and toys regularly

Hands and toys can become contaminated from household dust or exterior soil, both of which are sources of harmful lead.

Know important asthma triggers

An asthma attack can occur when you are exposed to things in the environment, such as house dust mites and tobacco smoke. These are called asthma triggers. Your personal triggers can be very different from those of another person. Some of the most important triggers are:

·         Environmental Tobacco Smoke (Secondhand Smoke)

·         Dust Mites

·         Outdoor Air Pollution

·         Cockroach Allergen

·         Pets

·         Mold

·         Wood Smoke

Learn the signs for developmental problems

Check to see if your children can do the things associated with their age. From birth to 5 years, your children should reach milestones in how they play, learn, speak, and act. A delay in any of these areas could be a sign of a developmental problem. Click on our blog post and learn more on developmental milestones.

Know the signs and symptoms for heart attack and stroke

If you or someone you know is having a heart attack or stroke, reach out to any nearest hospital immediately. With timely treatment, a person’s chance of surviving a heart attack is increased, and the risk of death and disability from stroke can be lowered.

Take a break

If you think you’re getting sick, feel yourself losing control, or are dealing with stress, take a break. Just taking a few minutes can give you the opportunity to clear your head so you can make better decisions about you and your family’s health and safety.

Take care of your teeth and gums

Drink fluoridated water and use a fluoride toothpaste. Fluoride’s protection against tooth decay works at all ages. Brush and floss your teeth thoroughly to reduce dental plaque and help prevent gingivitis (a form of gum disease). Visit our dental clinic here at nisa hospital for all your dental issues.

Keep foods safe

Refrigerate leftovers promptly. Bacteria can grow quickly at room temperature, so refrigerate leftover foods if they are not going to be eaten within 4 hours. Wash hands, utensils, and cutting boards after they have been in contact with raw meat or poultry and before they touch another food. Wash produce. Cook meat, poultry, and eggs thoroughly.

Ask questions

Before seeing your health care provider, write down all of your questions and bring the list with you to your appointment. Write down the answers during your discussion. Make sure all of your questions are answered before you leave and you know exactly what the next steps are. Don’t risk injury or other problems because you are not clear on what to do.

If instructions are confusing, get help. Talk to your doctor. Call or visit the website of the pharmacy, clinic, equipment manufacturer, or business for information. Make sure you use credible sources and websites and ask your health care provider if the information you found applies to you. With more knowledge, you can make better decisions about your health.

Listen to a health podcast

Podcasts on a variety of health and safety topics are available online. Most are one to five minutes long, and some are longer.

Disinfect surfaces to keep germs away

Cleaning removes germs from surfaces, and disinfecting destroys germs from surfaces. Disinfecting after cleaning gives an extra level of protection from germs. Areas with the largest amounts of germs and frequently used areas- such as the kitchen and bathroom- should be disinfected with a bleach solution or another disinfectant as often as possible to avoid the spread of germs.

If you have diabetes, check for sores and vision changes

If you have diabetes, check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots, and swelling. Call your doctor immediately if you have sores that will not heal. Also, tell your doctor if you notice any changes in your eyesight.

 

Know that it begins with you- A healthy you is a happy you, and a happy you is a healthy-happy nation!

Re-edited by nisa media team.

girl child

Girl Child

The girl child is the future of not just our nation, but the future of the world. Treat her with utmost care,give loads of warmth, and impact positively-that’ll bring a huge difference to the world!

Make it a priority to impact more values to the girl child,encouraging and giving confidence to her,right from childhood. A girl grows into a beautiful flower, inside and outside ,haven being nurtured with positive values and  loads of care and respect.

A happy, positive, and peaceful girl child, becomes a blossoming world;Such a beauty to behold! Let’s be wise and act now,  it begins with me, it’s begins with you! Don’t be afraid, that’s all the world needs, no more , no less :))for it to become what’s meant to be-Happy!

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